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Knowing is not enough, we must apply.
Willing is not enough, we must do
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Add multiple classes in pug

Pug, formerly known as Jade, is a template engine thas uses a JavaScript render engine. Sometimes we have to add a class conditionally based on a variable, here I go with some tricky solutions I found.

One condition to check #

The easiest way to check a class in pug is using the ternary operator

- var cond1 = true
.c-component(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE' )

HTML output

<div class="c-component cond1-true"></div>

But there are other two ways to write the same exact condition in pug:

- var cond1 = true

//- (1)
.c-component(class={'cond1-true': cond1 === true})

//- (2)
.c-component(class={cond1True: cond1 === true})

Important #

๐Ÿงจ !important
(1) kebab-case class cond1-true must be wrapped in quotes
(2) camelCase class cond1True can skip wrapper quotes

HTML output

<div class="c-component cond1-true"></div>
<div class="c-component cond1True"></div>

More than one condition to check #

If we have to check two condintions, we can go also in this case with the ternary operator to choose which classes we want.

We can write the conditionals in three ways:

  1. using two class attributes separated by space
(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE' class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : 'cond2-FALSE')
  1. using two class attributes separated by comma
(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE', class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : 'cond2-FALSE')
  1. using two class attributes, one for each parentesis
(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE')(class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : 'cond2-FALSE')

All three:

pug

- var cond1 = true
- var cond2 = false

.c-component(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE' class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : 'cond2-FALSE')

.c-component(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE', class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : 'cond2-FALSE')

.c-component(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : 'cond1-FALSE')(class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : 'cond2-FALSE')

HTML output

<div class="c-component cond1-TRUE cond2-FALSE"></div>

<div class="c-component cond1-TRUE cond2-FALSE"></div>

<div class="c-component cond1-TRUE cond2-FALSE"></div>

If we have a ternary option with the second operand empty, we could simplify the pug syntax:

- var cond1 = true
- var cond2 = false

.c-component(class=cond1 && 'cond1-TRUE' class=cond2 && 'cond2-TRUE')
//- or more explicit
.c-component(class=cond1 ? 'cond1-TRUE' : '' class=cond2 ? 'cond2-TRUE' : '')

HTML output

<div class="c-component cond1-TRUE"></div>

๐Ÿ–ฅ Codepen example.

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